Skip to main content

Androgen Hormone Function Diagnosis and Treatment

Function Diagnosis and Treatment of Androgen Hormone

Androgen mainly refers to a class of endocrine hormones synthesized by the gonads (testis). The cells that produce androgens in the testes are interstitial cells. In addition, the adrenal cortex can also synthesize a certain amount of androgens, and the ovaries can also synthesize a small amount of androgens.


Name  Male Hormones
 Treatment Department Urology, Andrology, Reproductive Medicine Center
 Common locations Testis, adrenal cortex
 Common causes  Inadequate androgen secretion
 Common symptoms  Obesity, abdominal fat accumulation
 Infectious None
 Way for spreading None

Table of Content

    1 Overview

    2 Physiological function

    3 Synthesis and decomposition

    4 Clinical disease-polycystic ovary syndrome

    ▪ Diagnosis

    ▪ Pathogenesis

    ▪ Treatment principles



Androgen, also known as male hormone, is a hormone that maintains normal sexual desire and reproductive function. Lack of male hormones can cause many health problems.

Androgen can regulate the distribution and composition percentage of human adipose tissue and inhibit the increase or increase of body fat.

Low androgen levels can cause obesity, abdominal fat accumulation, and other metabolic diseases are also likely to follow suit.

What is the Physiological function of Androgen?

Androgens can promote the growth of male organs, spermatogenesis and the development of male secondary sexual characteristics, and promote the appearance of male secondary sexual characteristics such as beards and pubic hair and maintain male sexual desire.

Simulation for Androgen

In addition, it also has a certain regulating effect on systemic metabolism. Androgens have a powerful role in promoting protein synthesis and making the body have a positive nitrogen balance.

This is particularly prominent in children, such as promoting skeletal muscle development and promoting calcium deposits in the skeleton. It thickens and grow bones, and increase basal metabolism and stimulate erythropoiesis.

Androgens can promote RNA polymerase and aminoacyltransferase, hexokinase and phosphofructokinase in glycolysis, and also promote mitochondrial cellular respiratory enzymes, thereby supplying the energy required for cell anabolism.

Synthesis and decomposition of Androgen

Normal adult men secrete 8 (4-12) mg of testosterone every day, and the individual varies greatly. 95% of the testosterone released in the blood from men comes from the testes.

Women release testosterone in the blood, mainly from the adrenal cortex.

98% of the testosterone in the blood is combined with a special α-globulin, namely corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) or testosterone binding globulin (TBG).

For transportation, a small number of testosterone and albumin bind non-specifically or exist in the blood in a free form.

The ability of the testis to synthesize testosterone is much greater than that of the adrenal cortex. Therefore, when the testis secretes insufficient androgen, it cannot be replaced or replaced by the adrenal cortex.

Synthetic androgen analogue Nandrolone (phenylpropylnortestosterone)

However, the vas deferens has no effect on the secretion of testosterone in the testicular stromal cells.

The synthetic androgen analogue Nandrolone (phenylpropylnortestosterone) can also promote the body's protein synthesis, but its virilization effect is lower than testosterone.

Artificially synthesized 17α-methyl testosterone has the highest physiological efficiency of male hormones, and can be used orally to exert effects. They are commonly used in clinical medicine.


Clinical disease-polycystic ovary syndrome


The clinical diagnosis of PCOS is carried out in accordance with the standards established by the 2003 Rotterdam meeting, which can be diagnosed by meeting two of the following three points:

  1.  Rare ovulation or no ovulation
  2.  Those with hyperandrogenism or hyperandrogenism Clinical and biochemical characteristics (such as hairy, acne, etc.)
  3.  Ovarian polycystic changes under ultrasound examination.

 In addition, other diseases that can cause androgen hyperplasia (such as hyperprolactinemia, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing syndrome, androgen-secreting tumors, and thyroid diseases) need to be excluded.



The high androgen environment in the local ovaries hinders the normal growth of follicles, resulting in anovulatory or rare ovulation.

High androgen status in the circulation can cause clinical symptoms such as hairiness, obesity, acne and hair loss.

Hyperandrogenism is an important cause of PCOS ovarian pathological damage.

The main mechanisms for the formation of PCOS hyperandrogenism may include:

(1) Abnormal function of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis The frequency and amplitude of LH secretion by the pituitary gland increases, and high LH promotes the synthesis and secretion of androgens of follicular membrane cells.

(2) Hyperadrenal function: 20% to 65% of PCOS patients are accompanied by adrenal hyperandrogenism.

PCOS patients with increased 5α-reductase activity, 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 activity disorder leads to increased adrenal steroid production.

It then produces a large amount of androgens to participate in PCOS Occurred.

(3) Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia


What are the Treatment Principles of Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome, PCOS?

Nowadays, the treatment of PCOS in clinic is mostly based on a certain clinical symptom, and the focus of treatment for PCOS patients with fertility requirements is different.

For PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome) patients without fertility requirements, long-term management and prevention of complications should be strengthened.

Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome Infographic Chart

For PCOS patients with fertility requirements, a comprehensive evaluation should be performed before assisting pregnancy.

PCOS Treatment Methods

The treatment methods include lifestyle adjustment, oral contraceptives, and insulin sensitization agents, ovulation induction treatment, surgical treatment and assisted reproductive technology, etc., should be based on the characteristics of patients to choose individual programs to achieve better results of assisted pregnancy.

Author's Bio

Name: Ian Skyler

Education: MBBS, MD

Occupation: Medical Doctor 

SpecializationCommunity Medicine, General Surgery, Natural Treatment

Experience: 18 Years as a Medical Practitioner


[[SHARE in Public Health Interest>>


Popular posts from this blog

What is Vaginitis Treatment and its Prevention?

Prevention and Treatment of Vaginitis Q. I am 22 years old and just had sex this month. This time after finishing my aunt's itching, there are a lot of secretions. Did I have vaginitis? Super scared, what should I do? What should I do if my female ticket got vaginitis? OR     I have fungal vaginitis. It has not been good to reuse the medicine for 2 months. It is really shameful. I dare not let my roommate find that there is no way to go to the hospital every day.     The vagina was very itchy after coming to the aunt this time. I am now physically and mentally broken. I was nineteen and still in college. I'm not that kind of casual girl. I dare not talk to my family about such things. Too scared.    Ans. Vaginitis Study For obstetrics and gynecology, vaginitis is really the disease we are most familiar with. More than 50% of obstetrics and gynecology clinics are due to vaginitis. There are also people who originally checked for other diseases. As a result, a l

Loose or Relaxed Vagina Tightening

Relaxation of Vagina What should I do if my child's vagina relaxes after birth? Know that every woman enjoys the process of being a mother, because being a mother is very happy, even if you have a baby, you have a complete family. Sometimes, although happy, sometimes it is not sexually blessed, because the birth of a child will lead to vaginal relaxation, and vaginal relaxation will affect the quality of sexual life. So, what should be done after the child is born? Procedures to improve vaginal relaxation Traditional methods to improve vaginal relaxation at different levels: So, how should postpartum women, or women who have already experienced vaginal relaxation, do pelvic muscle training? The traditional Chinese health-care method of "collecting anus and lifting gas" can be well forged practice pelvic muscles.   Natural Method to Tighten Vagina Every morning and evening in a fresh air place, inhale deeply after inhaling. At the same time, like anxiety

Soften and Clean Blood Vessels

The savior that softens the blood vessels is found, eat daily, remove garbage and blood vessels clean slowly The blood vessels are densely packed in the human body, and there are many branches, which are complicated. Blood supplies oxygen and oxygen to various organs and tissues through these blood vessels to ensure the health of the body. Once there is a problem with blood vessels, it will affect blood transport and cause abnormal phenomena, which is very detrimental to health. Among them, the occurrence of blood clots in blood vessels is very serious. It can cause hardening and blockage of blood vessels, which is extremely detrimental to the health of blood vessels.   What is blood clot? It is often referred to as blood clot. In general, there are many reasons for the formation of thrombosis, mainly due to age. Sedentary inactivity, high stress in life, irregular diet, etc., all accelerate the formation of blood clots and break down slowly. Generally, once the thrombus accum